Random Thoughts On Statutory Interpretation

While doing some research this morning, I happened upon a wonderful quote by the great Second Circuit judge Learned Hand on the issue of statutory interpretation.  The quote seemed particularly apt with King v. Burwell still very much on my mind.  Here’s the quote (from Cabell v. Markham, 148 F.2d 737 (2d Cir. 1945)):

The decisions are legion in which [courts] have refused to be bound by the letter, when it frustrates the patent purpose of the whole statute. . . .  As Holmes, J., said in a much-quoted passage from Johnson v. United States, 163 F. 30, 32, 18 L.R.A., N.S., 1194: “it is not an adequate discharge of duty for courts to say: We see what you are driving at, but you have not said it, and therefore we shall go on as before.”  . . . Of course it is true that the words used, even in their literal sense, are the primary, and ordinarily the most reliable, source of interpreting the meaning of any writing: be it a statute, a contract, or anything else. But it is one of the surest indexes of a mature and developed jurisprudence not to make a fortress out of the dictionary; but to remember that statutes always have some purpose or object to accomplish, whose sympathetic and imaginative discovery is the surest guide to their meaning. (Emphasis supplied.)

[UPDATE: 4/28/15]  A learned member of the bar points out, quite accurately, that the approach to statutory interpretation described above is difficult to reconcile with General Statutes section 1-2z, about which I’ve blogged at length in the past.


Interpreting Administrative Regulations–Part One

I hope everyone who celebrates Easter enjoyed the holiday!  Now, back to work.

Last Thursday the Connecticut Supreme Court issued its slip opinion in Sarrazin v. Coastal, Inc., a case concerning the circumstances under which an employee’s “travel time” between his home and work must be treated as compensable work time under state or federal wage and hour law.  The case is a must-read for employment lawyers, which I am not.  What attracted my interest was the Court’s discussion about how administrative regulations should be interpreted.  First, the Court stated that General Statutes section 1-2z–which codifies the “plain meaning rule”–applies to administrative regulations.  Second, it concluded that the State Department of Labor’s interpretation of its own administrative regulation (31-60-10) was not entitled to any judicial deference.

I respectfully dissent from both of these conclusions.  This post addresses the first issue, to wit, the relevance of section 1-2z to interpreting administrative regulations.  A subsequent post will address the issue of deference. Read the rest of this entry »


The Power To Terminate Includes The Power To Evaluate

The Hartford Courant has an editorial today about an unfortunate dispute that has been brewing over at Connecticut’s Office of Governmental Accountability (“OGA”).  The dispute is over who has the authority to evaluate the OGA executive administrator’s performance. Read the rest of this entry »